The Fungal Biomass Pre-treatment Techniques Concept, Mechanism, and Application

The Fungal Biomass Pre-treatment Techniques: Concept, Mechanism, and Application


2.1 Overview of the Topic:

In this section, the researcher will provide an overview of the key factors, which affect the rate of biological degradation of the fungal biomass.

2.2 Pre-treatment of the Fungal Biomass:

Description of the pretreatment methods that can be used to fractionate, solubilize, hydrolyze and separate cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin components.

2.3 Physical treatment methods:

Mechanical comminution Processes


2.4 Physico-Chemical pretreatments

The application of the steam explosion, or the autohydrolysis process

Use of the liquid hot water

Application of the ammonia-based pre-treatments

CO2 explosion

Oxidative pre-treatment

Wet oxidation

Micro-wave pretreatment

2.5 Chemical-pretreatment processes

Acid pretreatment

Alkali pretreatment

OzonolysisOrganosolventsIonic liquids

2.6 Biological Pre-treatments

2.7 Potential of the Fungal Pre-treatment and increase in the overall efficiency of bio-ethanol production from the marine algae

2.8 Cost-Effective Approach of Fungal Pre-treatment and Biomass Recovery

2.9 Economic and Environmental Optimization of Bio-Ethanol Production

2.10 Impact of Increasing Key Parameters such as Sugar Yield, Sterilization Requirements and Pretreatment Time on Techno-Economic Performance of the Fungal Pre-treatment of the Ligno-Cellulossic Biomass

2.11 Conclusion